Further Reading

Substantial English-language historical studies on Königsberg and Kaliningrad are surprisingly hard to find, especially ones that address questions of changing identity across borders and time, from Prussia and Germany to the Soviet Union, post-Soviet Russia, and the proximity of the European Union today.

Here is what I've been using as a working bibliography.

Book-length works:

Birckenbach, Hanne-Margret, and Christian Wellmann, eds. The Kaliningrad Challenge: Options and Recommendations. Münster: Lit Verlag, 2003.

Brodsky, Joseph. Joseph Brodsky: Selected Poems. Translated by George L. Kline. Baltimore, MD: Penguin Books, 1974.

Denny, Isabel. The Fall of Hitler's Fortress City: The Battle of Konigsberg, 1945. London: Greenhill, 2009.

Diener, Alexander C., and Joshua Hagen. Borderlines and Borderlands: Political Oddities at the Edge of the Nation-State. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield, 2010.

Egremont, Max. Forgotten Land: Journeys Among the Ghosts of East Prussia. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2011.

Herrschel, Tassilo. Borders in Post-Socialist Europe: Territory, Scale, Society. Burlington: Ashgate, 2011.

Krickus, Richard J. The Kaliningrad Question. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield, 2002.

Liulevicius, Vejas Gabriel. The German Myth of the East, 1800 to the Present. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2009.

Nelson, Robert. Germans, Poland, and Colonial Expansion to the East: 1850 Through the Present. New York: Palgrave Macmallan, 2009.

Parker, Noel. The Geopolitics of Europe's Identity: Centers, Boundaries and Margins. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2008.

Sammartino, Annemarie H. The Impossible Border: Germany and the East, 1914-1922. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 2010.

Scruton, Roger. Kant: A Very Short Introduction. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001.

Snyder, Timothy. Bloodlands: Europe Between Hitler and Stalin. New York: Basic Books, 2010.

Solzhenitsyn, Aleksandr. Prussian Nights: A Narrative Poem. London: Harvill Press, 1977.

Wieck, Michael. A Childhood Under Hitler and Stalin: Memoirs of a "Certified Jew." Madison, WI: University of Wisconsin Press, 2003.

Articles and chapters:

Archer, Clive, and Tobias Etzold. “The European Union and Kaliningrad: Taking the Low Road.” Geopolitics 15, no. 2 (2010): 329-344.

Browning, Christopher, and Pertti Joenniemi. “Contending Discourses of Marginality: The Case of Kaliningrad.” Geopolitics 9, no. 3 (Autumn 2004): 699-730.

Misiunas, Romuald. “Rootless Russia: Kaliningrad--Status and Identity.” Diplomacy and Statecraft 15, no. 2 (2004): 385-411.

Oldberg, Ingmar. “The Emergence of a Regional Identity in the Kaliningrad Oblast.” Cooperation and Conflict 35, no. 3 (2000): 269-288.

Rogoża,  Jadwiga, Agata Wierzbowska-Miazga, and Iwona Wiśniewska. “A Captive Island: Kaliningrad Between Moscow and the EU.” OSW Centre for Eastern Studies, no. 41 (July 2012).

Rwykin, Michael. “An Odd Entity: The Case of the Kaliningrad Enclave.” American Foreign Policy Interests 25, no. 3 (2003): 209-216.

Samson, I., and I. Eliseeva. “The New Image of Kaliningrad Oblast.” Problems of Economic Transition 46, no. 6 (Oct. 2003): 73-91.

Savodnik, Peter. “Kaliningrad.” The Wilson Quarterly 27, no. 2 (2003): 16-22.

Sezneva, Olga. “Living in the Russian Present with a German Past: The Problems of Identity in the City of Kaliningrad.” In Socialist Spaces: Sites of Everyday Life in the Eastern Bloc, edited by David Crowley and Susan Emily Reid, 47-64. Oxford: Berg, 2002.

Williams, Howard. “Back from the USSR: Kant, Kaliningrad and World Peace.” International Relations 20, no. 1 (2006): 27-48.

Yury Zverev. “Kaliningrad: Problems and Paths of Development.” Problems of Post-Communism 54, no. 2 (Mar/Apr 2007): 9-25.

Zinik, Zinovoy. “Letter from Kaliningrad.” Times Literary Supplement, April 26, 2002.